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Top Destinations In India

Agra

Agra is the most famous city of Uttar Pradesh, India because of the 'Taj Mahal' which is one of the seven wonders of the world. This city is also a part of the 'Golden Triangle of India' (Jaipur, Delhi, and Agra). It is located on the bank of Yamuna River which is to be considered as Blue River. Agra is also famous for its food 'Petha' and the shopping market.


Agra Agra

History

In Mahabharata, Agra refers to Agravana, which means this city referred to the epic age. This city holds a rich history of Mughals and Marathas. Agra became more popular from the time of Mughals when Babur, who was the founder of the Mughal dynasty, defeated Sikandar Lodhi in the battle of Panipat (in the 16th century) and made Agra his capital city. After Babur, his grandson Akbar built 'Agra Fort' here and lived in the city. That era was known as 'Golden Era'. He also built Fatehpur Sikri on the outskirts of Agra and changed his capital from Agra to Fatehpur Sikri. After fifteen years, because of some mysterious circumstances, Akbar again shifts his capital from Fatehpur Sikri to Agra. After Akbar his son - Jahangir built beautiful gardens and palaces in Agra. Agra becomes world famous because of the fifth Mughal Emperor - Shah Jahan, 'symbol of love' which he built in Agra with the name of 'Taj Mahal'. He made this palace in the memories of his beloved wife named Mumtaz Mahal and made her tomb inside this palace. Shah Jahan also shifted his capital from Agra to Delhi. Aurangzeb again shifts his capital from Delhi to Agra. But soon, the Mughal Empire goes down, when he was defeated by Marathas. After Marathas, the Post-Mughal era of Agra saw the rule of Marathas and Jats and finally, it was under the rule of the British Government. Now, it is a part of India.

Popular places to visit:

Agra is the most popular city, because of its historical monuments. The world-famous monument is the 'Taj Mahal' that is the first tourist attraction of Agra visitors. This building was made on the bank of Yamuna river and it was built with White Marble. Some other historical monuments are given as below:

  • Agra Fort
  • Fatehpur Sikri
  • Red Fort
  • Buland Darwaza
  • Mughal Gardens
  • Itimad-ud-daulah's Tomb
  • Tomb of Akbar
  • Jama Masjid (Agra)
  • Mehtab Bagh
  • Anguri Bagh
  • Chini ka Rauza

Some more interesting visiting places for fun are:

  • Friends Gokulam Fun City Water Park
  • Dolphin Water Park
  • Mother Teresa's Missionaries of Charity
  • Taj Mahotsav
  • Taj Museum
  • Wildlife SOS

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Delhi

Delhi, the capital of India, is a blend of ancient and modern India. It has a rich historical background. With its ancient history, it also has a thriving present with new modern techniques of business. The heritage, art, and crafts, food and culture are its wonders that are explored by its visitors.

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History

Delhi was ruled by many powerful emperors in Indian history. This city presents from the time of epic Mahabharata. It was known as the living place of Pandavas with the name of Indraprastha. At the different-different time, Delhi was known with its different-different names, that are Lal Kot, Dinpanah, Siri, Shahjahanabad, Jahanpanah, Ferozabad, Tughlakabad, and Quila Rai Pithora. The city kept shifting from Hindu Kings to Muslim Sultans, from one rule to another. Afghan warrior Muhammad of Ghori was established (1206) the sultanate of Rajput and Delhi. In 1398, with the invasion of Timur, he put Delhi under him. Sultanpur Lodhi won Delhi from Timur. In 1526, in the battle of Panipat, Babur defeated Sultanpur Lodhi and won Delhi. Delhi became more popular at the time of Mughals. In 1803, it came under British rule. After 1947, Delhi was declared as the capital of India.

Top Monuments:

Some top monuments of the city are more attractive and they have a rich history too. They built several monuments here. Qutub Minar was started by Qitub-ud-Din Aibak and completed by Firoz Shah Tuglak. Jama Masjid and Red Fort were built by Shah Jahan. Empress Bega Begum built Humayun's Tomb in 1565. India Gate was made by Edwin Lutyens in 1921. Lotus Temple designed and made by Fariborz Sahba. Akshardham was built by Pramukh Swami Maharaj from 2000 to 2005. Delhi has the smell of sacrifices and love for the nation in its soil. It is the house of several monuments, tombs, ancient forts, and many other historical buildings. It's markets of food, jewelry and clothes are also fascinates the visitors.

Popular places to visits are:

  • Jama Masjid
  • Qutub Minar
  • Lotus Temple
  • Swaminarayan Akshardham complex
  • Red Fort
  • Lodi Gardens
  • Humayun's TombTughlakabad Fort
  • Purana Qila
  • Gurudwara Bangla Sahib
  • Agrasen ki baoli
  • Safdarjung Tomb
  • Raj Ghat
  • are some historical attractions of Delhi.

Some top market places in Delhi are given below:

  • Chandni Chowk
  • Paranthe Wali Gali
  • Meena Bazaar
  • Janpath Market
  • Monastery Market
  • Karol Bagh Market
  • Tilak Nagar Market

Jaipur

Jaipur (Rajasthan), also known as 'Pink City' is an epitome of magnificence and vibrancy. Its forts, palaces, and tales of valour bear testimony to the glory of the city. This is one city of the 'Golden Triangle of India' and also the first planned city in northern India. It has its affluent heritage and culture from the 12th century. This city is famous for its shopping markets, textiles, lac bangles, camel rides, jewelry, painting, and carpets. Laal maas, ghevar, kachori, dal baati churma are the most popular food items in this city.

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jaipur

 

History

In 1727, this city was established by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, who was Kachwaha ruler. At that time, his capital was Amer city. He realized that he has the necessity of a new city, due to the increase in population and a decrease in the water supply. He colonized India's first planned city near Amer with the name of Jainagara (Jaipur) which means ‘city of victory’. This city was eleven kilometers away from Amer. He builds his palace with pink sandstone, known as 'City Palace' and shifted his capital from Amer to Jaipur. Most of the buildings of the city were made in pink sandstone because the pink color is the color of hospitality. When the British undertake Jaipur, they called this city - 'Pink City'.

Popular places to visit:

Several top historical buildings were made by different-different rulers of Jaipur. City Palace (1727) and Jantar Mantar (1724) were built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. Amer Fort (1592 AD) was started by Raja Man Singh and it was completed by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in the 18th century. Hawa Mahal and Jal Mahal were built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh - the grandson of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in the year 1799. Chand Baori Stepwell was made by King named Chanda in the 9th century. In 1835, Rambagh Palace was constructed by Kesar Badaran. Jaipur has so many heritages to visit and all has its different historical background and ancient beauty.

Jaipur is a splendid city and has many monuments to visit. This is tourists' first attraction when they come to Rajasthan.

Top visiting places are here:

  • Hawa Mahal
  • City Palace
  • Amber Fort
  • Jantar Mantar
  • Nahargarh Fort
  • Albert Hall Museum
  • Jaigarh Fort
  • Jal Mahal
  • Chand Baori Step Well
  • Rambagh Palace

Main markets to visit:

  • The Central Park of Jaipur
  • Chand Pol
  • Johari Bazaar
  • Masala Chowk
  • World Trade Park
  • Raj Mandir Cinema

are some historical buildings and modern attractions of the city.


Varanasi

Varanasi also is known as Kasi or Benaras, is located in Uttar Pradesh, India. In Hindu mythology prominence of Varanasi is virtually unrevealed. This city is best known for its holy river Ganga and its Ghats. This city is a supreme pilgrimage spot for Hindus. This city also called 'the Cultural Capital of India'.

History

Ganga is originated from Gangotri and holds religious significance. It is considered sacred and worshipped by the Hindus. This is said that Ganda comes on earth through the tresses of Lord Shiva. According to Hindus, one who is graced to die in Ganga (on the land of Varanasi) would attain salvation and freedom from the cycle of birth and re-birth. Morning and evening time Aarti of Ganga is one of the most tempting for the tourist. Shri Vishwanath is the main deity of this city. For over 3000 years, this city is a center of learning and civilization. After the enlightenment, Buddha preached his first sermon with Sarnath, just 10 km away from this city. Philosophy, culture, crafts, knowledge, Indian arts, and devotion to Gods have all flourished here for centuries and have been a symbol of Hindu renaissance. This city is believed to be the Parsvanath. Thus, Varanasi is a pilgrimage for Jains too.

Origin of Ayurveda

It is believed that Ayurveda is to be originated at Varanasi that is the basis of modern medical sciences such as Calculus operations, Cataract, and Plastic surgery. Yoga is also said to be originated at Varanasi. It is the great center of learning for ages. This city promotes spiritualism, mysticism, Sanskrit, yoga and Hindi language on the world level. The famous saint-poet Tulsi Das, who wrote Ram Charit Manas and the ever-famous novelist Prem Chand honored by this city. This city offers the right platform for all cultural activities. Varanasi has 'Benares Hindu University' (BHU) that organized various programs including feasts, competitions, and cultural programs. This university helps to enhance the cultural activities of its students. The world-famous Ravi Shankar internationally renowned as Sitar maestro and Ustad Bismillah Khan, the famous Shehnai player also belongs to this city.

Varanasi is the most famous and splendid city of India. This has several Ghats from where tourists see the holy river Ganga and can-do worship there.

Some of the famous Ghats are:

  • Dashashwamedh Ghat
  • Assi Ghat
  • Manikarnika Ghat
  • Kedar Ghat
  • Shivala Ghat
  • Manmandir Ghat

The temples of this city have their importance in Indian history.

  • Kashi Vishwanath Temple
  • Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple
  • Tulsi Manasa Temple
  • Bharat Mata Mandir

Its waterfalls also attract tourists.

  • Lakhaniya Dari Waterfall
  • Vindham Waterfalls
  • Rajdari Waterfalls
  • Mukkha Falls
  • Devdari Waterfall

presents a mind-blowing view for their visitors. Now, Varanasi has become world-famous for its trade and commerce. Finest silk, and gold and silver brocade fabrics are the main specialties of this city.


Amritsar

Golden Temple

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Amritsar (Holy City) is worldly known for its Sikh Pilgrimage named the 'The Golden Temple', located in Punjab state of India. Amritsar word is derived from two words 'Amrit' and 'Sar' which means 'holy pool of nectar'. It one of the largest cities in Punjab. According to the 'World Book of Records', it is the 'most visited place' of the world.

History

This city has rich historical backgrounds. The third Guru of Sikhism - Guru Amar Das Sahib Ji wanted to make a pilgrimage for Sikhs. For this, he chalked-out a design for this city. Fourth guru - Guru Ramdas Sahib Ji constructed (1570-1577 AD) a holy Sarovar(pool) and colonized a city named, Ramdaspur, surrounding that Sarovar. Today this city is known with the name of Amritsar. In 1604, the fifth Guru built a holy gurudwara (temple) in the center of the holy Sarovar and installed the first 'Guru Granth Sahib Ji' in the gurudwara named, Sri Adi Granth Sahib Ji (the Holy Book of Sikhs also known as Ath Sath Tirath). Baba Budha Ji was the first granthi (Head Priest) of that gurudwara. This is believed that Lord Rama and Lordess Sita have spent their fourteen years exile in Amritsar. This is place was Bhagwan Valmiki wrote the epic, Ramayana. Amritsar is also known for its sacrifices for Independence. 'Jallianwala Bagh' (public garden) is known for its massacre that took place on 13 April 1919. At this place, Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer ordered his army to fire their rifles on into a crowd of unarmed civilians, who have come to listen to the speech by the Rowlatt Committee. Around a thousand people died at that time. After Independence (1947), when Punjab is divided into two parts. One part went to Pakistan and the other is left in India. Amritsar becomes a part of India. 'Wagha Border' is the most famous border of India and Pakistan is in Amritsar. In 1984, this city has to face up several problems, because of a big tragedy that was 'Operation Blue Star' (1984). But after facing many tragedies, it is the world's one of the best cities.

Including temples, gurudwaras and historical places, Amritsar has many places to visit. Golden Temple is the first attraction of its tourists.

Top places to visit

  • Jalliawala Bagh
  • Partition Museum
  • Durgiana Temple
  • Lal Devi Temple
  • Gobindgarh Fort
  • Wagha Border
  • Ram Tirth
  • Pull Kanji (built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh)

 

are some famous historical places to visit. Now, Amritsar is one of the active trade cities and one of the most agriculturally productive cities in India.

Famous markets of the city

  • Wholesale Market
  • Hall Bazaar
  • Guru Bazaar
  • Katra Jaimal Singh Bazaar
  • Lahori Gate Market
  • Shastri Market
  • Trillium Mall
  • Alpha One Mall

 

are some most popular shopping markets in the city. Thus, Amritsar attracts its visitors and entertain them with its Punjabi Culture and rich historical background.


McLeod Ganj

McLeod Ganj also is known as “Little Lhasa" or "Dhasa" (a short form of Dharamshala). It is one of the suburbs of Dharamshala located in the Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh, India. It is situated in the lap of Dhauladhar Range and has an elevation of 2,082 meters (6,831 feet).  McLeod Ganj is a very popular hill village in India. This place is perfect to find some peace and relaxation.

History

In 1848, the Lieutenant Governor of Punjab, Sir Donald Friell McLeod discovered this place. This place was used as a resting resort from the heat of the north Indian planes. It is founded by Sir Donald Friell McLeod, that's why it is called McLeod Ganj. In the 18th century, the mighty Gorkha regiment had set their army base here before being taken over by the British. In 1905, a devastating earthquake brought this place to a standstill and this village makes an important center for commerce, trade and official work in Kanga district earlier. From 1960, this place becomes a permanent home of the exile Tibetan people from China and their spiritual leader the Dalai Lama. After this, Tibetan was established as the central Tibetan administration in McLeod Ganj.

About the village

McLeod Ganj is a small village with a population of about 10,000 people. This includes Nepalese, exile Tibetans, local Indians, and foreign ex-pats. Tourists feel solace in the hills than any metro city and McLeod Ganj offers such an amazing experience with some beautiful visiting places. The Bhagsu Waterfall starts at the base of the Dhauladhar Valley and attracts lots of visitors here. During the monsoon season, the waterfalls from a height of around 30 feet and look breathtakingly beautiful. Bhagsunath Temple highly revered by the local Gorkha and Hindu community. It is one of the oldest ancient temples of McLeod Ganj. Tsuglagkhang Complex is the place where Dalai Lama resides. It is one of the most visiting places of worship. This complex has Tsuglagkhang Temple, Tibet Museum, and Namgyal Monastery. Dal lake, Dharamkot, Minkiani Pass, Norbulingka Institute, Bagalamukhi temple, and Bajreshwari Mata temple are some more magnificent visiting places of McLeod Ganj. Many treks are available in and around Mcleodganj. Triund is the most popular trek of this place.

Popular places to visit

  • Bhagsu Waterfall
  • Bhagsunath Temple
  • Tsuglagkhang Complex
  • Dal lake
  • Dharamkot
  • Minkiani Pass
  • Norbulingka Institute
  • Bagalamukhi temple
  • Bajreshwari Mata Temple

 

Tourists come here to study crafts, culture, Tibetan Buddhism, etc. People of this village feel comfortable to talk with tourists that are cool and well mannered. Artisanal peanut butter, Tibetan carpets, garments, Tibetan handicrafts, and other souvenirs are some tourist attractions of this village.

 

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