In memory of his favorite wife the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan ordered to build an enormous mausoleum of white marble named Taj Mahal. It is the epitome of Love. It was built in Agra between the years 1631 and 1648. Taj Mahal is the jewel of Muslim art in India, Asia. It is one of the most admired masterpieces of the world's heritage.
Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan who was the son of the Mughal Emperor Jehangir and grandson of Akbar the Great, was deeply in love with Mumtaz Mahal, his dear wife. She was a Muslim Persian princess. Her full name was Arjumand Banu Begum before marriage. Shah Jahan fell in love with her at the age of 14. In the year 1612, five years later, they got married.
The best mansons, stonecutters, inlayers, carvers, painters, dome-builders and other artisans were requisitioned for making this most beautiful Muslim marble monument. Taj Mahal was built out of white marble that was brought in from all over India and Central Asia. 22,000 laborers and 1,000 elephants gave their contribution to making this huge building. The Mughal emperor Shah Jahan spent approximately 32 million rupees at that time and today its expenditure cost is 52.8 billion Indian rupees (the U.S. $827 million). It was completed in the year 1653.
Taj Mahal opening time
Daytime: 006:00 am to 06:30 pm (except Friday)
Amer Fort is a fort located Amer Town that is 11 km from Jaipur city. It is situated on Aravali hills adjacent to Maotha Lake. Amber was the capital of the Kachhawaha but in 1727 Jaipur was made the official capital. Amber is pronounced as Amer. In the year 1592, Raja Man Singh started the construction of the fort and It was completed in the 18th century under the guidance of Sawai Jai Singh. This fort was completed within two centuries by the consistency efforts of three kings.
Diwan-e-Aam, Diwan-e-Khaas, Ganesh Pol, Sheesh Mahal, Jaleb Chowk, Singh Pol, Suhag Mandir, Jai Mandir, Yash Mandir, Bhool Bhulaiya, Sukh Mandir, Shila Devi Temple, and Zanana Dyodhi are the major attractions of this fort. Every part of the fort is a masterpiece. Amber Fort is an epitome of Rajput royalty and culture.
Amber Fort has two ways to reach as it is situated on a hill. The most attractive feature of Amber Fort is the elephant ride. Riding uphill on the zigzag cobbled paths on an elephant is a lifetime memory to riders. It will take 30 to 45 minutes to reach there and the fare of this ride is decided by Government only. Other is the walk-way that is now modified in the shape of new cemented staircases. In the night, Light and Sound Show represents the culture and traditions of Amer. Visitors can choose a guide to assist too.
Timing of Amer Fort – 8:30 AM to 6:00 PM
Qutub Minar is world's tallest minaret made by brick and second tallest building in India. It is located in Mehrauli area, Old Delhi, India. It's height is 7.5 m (239 ft) and diameter is 14.4 meters at the base to 2.7 meters. The firist three storeys made of red sandstones and fourth and fifth storeys are made of red sandstone and white marble. It has total 379 steps. It is one of the toppest monuments of India that are listed in UNESCO World Heritage Site.
It was built by Qutubuddin Aibak in 1200 AD. He was Sultan of Delhi during 1206 to 1210. Only first three storeys were build under his guidance. He made him with red sandstone.But, after the death of Qutubuddin Aibak, his son-in-law and successor Shamshuddin Iltutmish built this minaret. He built more two storeys on the minar. These storeys were made with the combination of red sandstones and white marbles in 1220 AD. In 1369, it was damaged by the earthquake and Firoz Shah Tughlaq carried out its restoration work. In 1903, with was again damaged by the earthquake and recovered by British Indian Army in 1928. They built a dome at the top of it. But later the dome was removed and it was placed east of Minaret.
The visiters, who goes and see the minar, they only know that Qutub Minar is not the only minar at that places. This place is known as Qutub Minar complex too. This complex consists Quwwat-al-Islam Mosque, Tomb of Ala-ud-Din-Khilji, Qutb Iron Pillar, Alai Gate, Tomb of Imam Zamin, Tomb of Iltumish, Latern Pillar and the Incomplit Alai Minar. It also has a garden.
Time to Visit: 07:00 am to 05:00 pm
Harmandir Sahib is also known as "Golden Temple". This is the world's most visited place and the only Sikh pilgrimage. The third Guru of Sikhism, Guru Amandas Sahib, wanted to make a pilgrimage for Sikhs and he illustrated something related to this concept and chalked out a drawing. But it was executed by fourth Guru, Guru Ramdas Sahib under the supervision of Baba Budha Ji. He built a holy tank (Amrit Sarovar) as earlier planning was, and also settle down a town named Amritsar surrounding the golden temple.
The construction work of Sarovar and town started in 1570 AD and completed in 1577 AD. Then, fifth Guru of Sikhs, Guru Arjan Sahib, conceived the idea of creating a central palace of worship for Sikhs and he himself designed all the architecture of Sri Harmandir Sahib. He also requested Sai Mian Mir Ji (Hazrat Mian Mir)- a Muslim Pir of Lahore to lay its foundation stone in the year 1589. In August 1604, Sri Adi Granth Sahib Ji (the Holy Book of Sikhs also known as Ath Sath Tirath) was first installed in the Golden temple and Baba Budha Ji was the first granthi (Head Priest) of this book.
Rama and Sita are believed to have spent their fourteen years exile in Amritsar. It is here that Bhagwan Valmiki wrote the epic, Ramayana. The Holy Water Tank (Amrit Sarovar), which is considered sacred by the devotees. Before the prayers, people bath in the holy water of the Sarovar. It believes that spiritual possession can be gained by taking a dip in this sacred water tank.
The "Main Sanctuary" is built on a 67 ft square platform in the center of the Amrit Sarovar. The Main Sanctuary is 40.5 ft square. It has a door on each side, North, East, West, and South. The "Darshani Deori" stands at the shore end of "The Causeway" or the bridge. The bridge is connected with the "Pardakshna" which is a path around the Main Sanctuary. It leads to the "Har Ki Pauri" also known as "Steps pf God" and runs around the Main Sanctuary. Golden Temple has Akal Takht in front of Darshan Deori named "Sri Akal Takht Sahib Ji". It also has "Nishan Sahib" that representing 'Miri' and 'Piri'.
Visiting time of Golden Temple is 03:00 am–10:00 pm (hours may differ on occasions)
Jama Masjid (Delhi)
Jama Masjid is known as Masjid-i Jahannuma (meaning Mosque commanding view of the world) is one of the largest mosques of India. It is the mosque of Friday, located in Old Delhi. It is near the Red Fort that was the house of Mughal royal authorities.
It is constructed by Mughal Emperor Sah Jahan between 1650 to 1656. Following the death of Mumtaz Mahal, he decided to shift his capital from Agra to Delhi and founded a new city named Shahjahanabad. He built Red Fort there and after that, he made this magnificent mosque in Delhi. This mosque is the final architectural extravagance of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan with a big courtyard that is capable of holding 25,000 devotees. More than 5,000 artisans built it under the supervision of Wazir Saadullah Khan. The mosque was designed by Ustad Khalil. In 1656, it was inaugurated by Sayed Abdul Ghafoor Shah Bukhari - a mullah from Bukhara (Uzbekistan). Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan spent one million Indian rupees on it.
The mosque measures 65 meters by 35 meters. It is made of a combination of red sandstone and white marble. Its court forms a square of 100 meters. Its courtyard is too spacious and can hold 25,000 devotees at one time. The building has several relics of Islamic religious significance like an age-old transcript of the Quran printed on deer-skin, the footmarks, sandals, etc. The mosque is based on an expansive elevated stone platform that is accessible through flights of stairs from three sides, east (35 steps), north (39 steps) and south (33 steps). The eastern gate is the largest and used as the royal entrance and remains closed on weekdays. Its door is on the west towards the Holy city of Mecca. The mosque is covered by open arched colonnades by three sides and has marble domes on its roof.
The mosque is opened from 07 am to12pm in the morning and the afternoon, from 01:30 pm to 06:30 pm. (Time may vary in occasions)
Lotus Temple is also known as 'Taj of Modern India', one of the most beautiful temples in India. It stands seventh in the international chain of Bahai House of worship. It is considered as "The Mother Temple" of the Indian Continent. It is in the shape of a lotus flower. Because of its architecture, this temple has been accredited with several architectural awards.
The architect of this beautiful structure is recognized by Fariborz Sahba, who is an Iranian. He had won acclaim for the project ever before the temple was completed, just because of its magnificent design. The construction of the temple took almost six years until it was opened for the public in 1986. The design of the whole complex took more than ten years. The structure of the temple derived from the Indian National Flower - Lotus. This Glimpse of Lotus gives the idea of serenity and peace.
The temple covers around 26 acres of land. It has nine surrounding pools and beautiful gardens. The temple has a total of 27 "lotus petals". It is divided into three rings. Each ring has nine panels. There is a total of nine faiths in the world and number nine is considered sacred in Bahai faith. These panels signify that this temple is opened for all religions. The panels of the first ring are coming downward and make canopies on the floor. These nine canopies are nine doors that lead to the central hall. The panels of the middle ring cover the corridor and Courtyard. Last ring's petals face inside and join together that covers the main hall of the temple. Here, people sit and dedicate their prayers to God, the almighty. 2,500 people can sit in the hall, at a time. This is a perfect place to meditate. The temple doesn't follow any kind of rituals or sermons. The visitors have to maintain silence inside the hall. Bahai faith believes that the 'religion-free independent world' that divine in its origin. Tourists from abroad, come specially to visit this beautiful lotus-shaped temple.
The visiting time of the temple is morning 9 am to the evening at 6 pm
Prayer timings, 1st time: 10 am to 12 pm and, 2nd: 3 pm to 5 pm
Humayun's Tomb is one of the top five Mughal best-preserved monuments of India which are included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1993. This tomb is located in the eastern part of Delhi. This Mughal Emperor Humayun reminds rather of a luxurious palace than a tomb. This spellbinding mausoleum is built with red sandstone and white marble and is the first example of the Mughal architecture in India.
Mughal Emperor Humayun was the first son of Babur(the founder of the Mughal empire) and the second emperor of the Mughal empire. He died in 1556 with an accidental fall from stairs. He was buried in his palace in Delhi. In 1556, Hindu King Hemu defeated the Mughals in Agra and Delhi. In order to secure his tomb from possible damages, he was later reburied in Sirhind, Punjab. After nine years of his death. His consort Bega Begum decided to create the most beautiful tomb for her dead husband. The construction work for the tomb started in 1565 and is completed in 1572 and took seven years to make this ultimate piece of art. At that time, it cost fifteen lakh Indian rupees. Bega Begum personally also built a big beautiful garden surrounding this tomb. It is was the only tomb with a garden. Taj Mahal was built after seeing its mausoleum.
After a century with the decline of the Mughal Empire, the surrounding garden was used for cultivation and the British replaced them with an English style garden. Late from 1900 to 1909, the original look of the garden was recreated by 'Lord Curzon'. 'The Agra Khan Trust for Culture', ' the Archaeological Survey of India, and 'the National Culture', gave a fund of $650,000 and with their efforts, this full complex was restored again. A new water circulation system for the walkway channels was created and the water channels of the garden were re-laid. More than two thousand trees were planted in the garden. And fountains of the garden started working again.
Humayun's Tomb is not the only tomb to visit, It is a full complex of several buildings, tombs, mosques, and garden. The most important buildings of the complex are - Arab Sarai, Nila Guband, and Bu Halima. This complex has more than 150 tombs including Bega Begum, Hamida Banu Begum, Isa Khan, and Dara Shikoh. That's why this complex is also known as the "dormitory of the Mughals". The whole building made with red sandstone and white marble. It is a perfectly symmetrical structure with white marble double domes with a height of 42.5 meters. Two double-storeyed arched gateways provide on the entry of the tomb complex. A barbari and hammam are located in the center of the eastern and northern walls of the complex.
The visiting time of the tomb is morning 8 am to evening 6 pm. (every day)
India Gate (Delhi)
Delhi is the capital city of India situated at the banks of the Yamuna river. It is a vibrant modern city with its own rich history and known as the 'heart of India'. Delhi offers its visitors a two-in-one experience as Old Delhi shoes the historical side and New Delhi shows the developed side of the city.
It has thousands of historical places and 'India Gate' is a type of War Memorial out of those historical monuments. It is located in New Delhi and 2.3 km from the Rashtrapati Bhavan. This memorial dedicated to honoring the soldiers of the Undivided Indian Army, who died during World War 1914 to 1921. Each and every edification on this monument either to pay tribute to those who died in war or to celebrate victory in war.
This War Memorial built from 1921 to 1931 and designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens. This is a perfect example of a Triumphal Arch style. It was built to give a tribute to that 80,000 Undivided Indian Army soldiers, who give their contribution in World War I. The monument's height is 42 meters and width is 9.1 meters. The diameters of the complex are 625 meters and the area is around 306,000-meter square. It is made of yellow and red sandstone and granite. On top of India is written on both sides and 70,000 soldiers' names have been written in the memorial.
An L1A1 Self-loading rifle, capped by a war helmet on a plinth made with black marble situated below its arch. 'Amar Jawan' is written in the gold on the black marble. It was made to pay homage to Indian soldiers, who wake a Liberation of Bangladesh and killed in the action in December 1971. On its four corners, four urns are places and in which are permanently flames burned by CNG. Tourists enjoy the evening light show at the fountains along with some street food.
This gate can be visited at any time. This does not have any closing times.
Jantar Mantar is one of the five large observations built by Sawai Raja Jai Singh. It derived from the Sanskrit language 'yantra' and 'mantra' which means "instruments for measuring the harmony of the heavens". Jaipur city is known for its palaces, temples, gardens, and ponds and they all have their importance. But 'Jantar Mantar' is best known for its astronomical structure.
Jantar Mantar built by Maharaja Sawai Raj Singh II. He was a great scholar of his subjects like astronomy and Indian politics. Jantar Mantar based on astronomical studies. He was the founder of Jaipur and the ruler of Amber. He constructed five Jantar Mantar in different cities. These cities are New Delhi, Jaipur, Ujjain, Mathura, and Varanasi. They were built from 1724 to 1735. Every Jantar Mantar is a fine collection of 19 architectural astronomical instruments. It has the world's biggest stone sundial "Samrat Yantra" according to UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Jantar Mantar covers 18,700 square meters of are. It was restored serval times from 1902 to 2006 and replaced some of the original materials of construction with different materials. It still teaches us. Some instruments of this are still a mystery for the visitors, but some are very easy to understand all. It has total 19 architectural astronomical instruments such as Vrihat Samrat Yantra (Jaipur Sundial), Rasivalaya (Zodiacal Circle), Jaya Prakash Yantra, Nadivalaya (Circular Dial), Chakra Yantra, Digamsa (Azimuth), Ram Yantra, Ram Yantra A, Karnti writta, Krantivrtta, and Yantra Raj. Because of its unique construction, it becomes a part of the National Monuments of Rajasthan and adds to UNASCO World Heritage Site.
The visiting time of this monument is from 9 am to 4.30 pm.
City Palace, Jaipur
'City Palace' is also known as 'Heart of Jaipur". It is one of the most famous and attractive monuments of the Jaipur. It is a complex of courts, ponds, gardens, horse stable, workshops, playgrounds, fountains, temples, etc., and located in the center of Hawa Mahal and Jantar Mantar monuments.
It was constructed by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. He was the ruler of Amber. In 1727, because of an increase in population and water shortage, he found Jaipur and decided to shift his capital from Amber to Jaipur. This is 11 kilometers far from Amber. Jaipur is a Metropolis city built between 1729 to 1732. City Palace covers the seventh part area of the city. Before Amber Kachwaha Kings used this site used for hunting. There was a royal hunting lodge at the bank of the lake. But later, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II constructed the Badal Mahal at the place of a hunting lodge. In 1818, when he made an alliance with the British and established themselves with the imperial rulers. Then, he painted Jaipur in white and yellow color. Sawai Jai Singh II built all monuments of Jaipur in 'Pink color' and this city is also called 'Pink City'. Man Singh II, who was the last king of Jaipur ruled on the city from his 'Chandra Mahal Palace' (a part of City Palace). After Indian independence in 1947 Jaipur kingdom merged with Indian union. Now, this Chandra Mahal Palace has been turned into a museum that has various handicraft products and other royal heritage things.
Sawai Jai Singh II planned and built the outer walls of the palace. Later additions were made by his successor in the 20th century. Its architecture designed by Sir Samuel Swinton Jacob and Vidyadhar Bhattacharya. The whole palace is a unique complex and a combination of several palaces, courtyards, gardens and temple-like Mubarak Mahal, Chandra Mahal, Sukh Nivas, Rang Mandir, Shobha Nivas, Pritam Niwas Chowk, Diwan - i - Aam, Diwan - i - Khas, Maharani Palace, Bhaggi Khana, Govind Dev Ji Temple and many other buildings. The palace has three gates but only two are opened for the public, Virendra Pol and Udai Pol.
The opening time of the City Palace for visitors is 09:30 am to 05:30 pm. (closed on Dulhaundi)
Mehrangarh Fort, Jodhpur
Rajasthan is best known for its historical palaces and majestic forts. Mehrangarh Fort of Jodhpur is one of those most formidable and magnificent royal monuments. It has its own beautiful attractions. Fort is very popular for its beautiful complex carvings. There are several palaces inside the fort.
Mehrangarh Fort was the headquarters of the senior branch of the Rajput clan that is known as Rathore. According to their bards, they ruled over Kanauj (Uttar Pradesh) at the earlier period. By the end of 12 century, Rajput rulers including Prithviraj Chauhan were defeated by Afghanistan. After this Rathores came to Pali, in Marwar (central Rajasthan). It is claimed that here they protect Brahmin villages against cattle-rustling.
In the 13th century, Rao Chunda (1384-1428), who was the twelfth Rathore to rule in Marwar. He established his capital at Mandore. This place he gets in a dowry. Rao Jodha (1438-1489) starts building a fort on an isolated rock that is higher than other mountains and named 'Mehrangarh' which means 'fort of the sun'. Its height is 120 feet and it covers an area of 500 yards.
Mehrangarh Fort has seven gates which are made by different rulers, and built-in the honor of the victory over Bikaner and Jaipur armies. This complex has so many other buildings to see. Some more attractive are Phool Mahal, Moti Mahal, Zenana Dude, Sheesh Mahal, Jhanki Mahal, and Takht Vilas. It has two temples: one is Chamundi Devi Temple and the other is Nagnechiaji Temple. This fort as a museum too, in which visitors can see a rich collection of palanquins, arms, costumes, furniture, royal cradles, etc.
09:00 am to 05:00 pm (It opens on all days)
Shri Kashi Vishwanath Temple
Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh, India) is the spiritual capital of India, with thousands of mosques, temples, and synagogues. Shri Kashi Vishwanath Temple known as the golden temple of Varanasi is one of the Hindu temples out of that thousand temples. This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. Maharani Ahilyabai Holkar (a Maratha ruler), who again built the temple adjoining to the mosque circa 1780, as it stands today. According to the pet-project of PM Narendra Modi - The Kashi Viswanath Temple Corridor, which means the temple is easily seen by the Ganga ghats.
It's tough to give its primary construction date, but the temple finds in the Hindu 'Puranas'. In 1194, when Raja of Kannauj defeated by Qutb-ud-din Aibak, then this temple was first razed to the ground by Qutb-ud-din Aibak's army. During Iltutmish's reign, it was rebuilt, destroyed again. FOr the third time, it was rebuilt by Raja Mann Singh, but local Hindu boycotted this temple. Because Raja gave permission Mughals to marry with his family. Nevertheless, it was again rebuilt by Raja Torad Mal. At the time of Aurangzeb, it was again razed. He built a Gyanvapi Mosque at that place. This temple still has a small well called the Gyanvapi (Jnana Vapi). The temple was so many times razed and incorporated into the mosque, that why some claims that the current temple sill is seen in the foundation and rear parts of the mosque.
Shri Kashi Vishwanath Temple stands on the bank of river Ganga. It is one of the 12th Jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva. But it is known by the main deity that is Vishwanath or Vishweshwara - Ruler of the Universe. The temple is a complex of a series of smaller shrines that are located in a small lane. This lane is known as Vishwanatha Galli. The main shrine is of linga that is 24 inches tall. Several saints, religious leaders such as Guru Nanak and Swami Dayananda Saraswati have also visited this temple while doing their holy journeys. It is believed that if any person dies a natural death within the temple, then Lord Shiva himself will speak the Moksha Mantra in that person's ears.
The temple opens every day at 02:30 am. Daily five aartis conducted by the pandits of the temple.
'Mysore Palace' also known as Amba Vilas Palace. It is the most prominent tourist destination of Mysore and attracts millions of tourists per year. This Palace is a beautiful third storeyed building made by grey color granite and dark pink color stone.
Yadava community of Gujarat came to Karnataka and settled here. Yaduraya Wodeyar who founded the Wodeyar dynasty in 1399 and ruled over Mysore for around six centuries. He built this Old Fort with woods in the 14th century. This Palace housed within the Old Fort that stands on Chamunda Hills as the official residence of the Wadiyar dynasty. This was dismantled and built several times later. After the death of Tipu Sultan in May 1799, when Maharaja Krishnaraja Wadiyar III made Mysore his capital city, it came under the control of the British Government and the royal name Wodeyar was changed into Wadiyar by his successors. In 1897, the wooden palace was destroyed by fire at the time of the wedding ceremony of his eldest sister. Monarch and Maharani Vani Vilas Sannidhna delegated Mysore to Lord Henry Irwin - a British architect. So, he would construct a new palace. The construction was completed in 1912 and he spent 41,47,913 Indian rupees on it. It was further expanded in 1940 in the Kingdom of the last Maharaja Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar.
The whole palace is a three-storey building made with fine grey granite and pink marble stones atop. It has 145 ft. tower too. The domes of the palace designed in Indo-Saracenic architecture. It incorporates the elements of Neo-Classical, Gothic revival, Indian and Indo-Islamic. The palace has three main gates. The front gate (East Gate) opens for VVIPs during Dasara. The South Gate opens for public and West Gate only opens in Dasara. It has several secret tunnels that lead from one place to another. It has two durbar halls and a number of courtyards. It also has beautiful gardens.
The palace opens from 10:00 am to 05:30 pm (every day)
‘Thekkady’ is a protected area which is located in Idukki and Pathanamthitta (districts of Kerala). It is on the bank of Periyar Lake with the name of 'The Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park' or 'Thekkady'. This sanctuary is famous for the tiger reserve and elephant reserve.
This sanctuary covers an area of 925 sq. km. In 1982, 350 sq. km of this sanctuary declared as a national park. Periyar Lake formatted in 1895 while the construction of the dam across the Periyar River. Forest surrounding this lake was named as 'Periyar Lake Reserve Forest' in the year 1899. In 1950, it was expanded with the name of Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary. In 1978, when Project Tiger launched, the authorities of the forest started protecting the species that was endangered and known for its tiger population. This sanctuary was declared with the name of Tiger Wildlife Sanctuary. It was the 10th Tiger Reserve of India.
When in 1991, the project elephant mission launched, the sanctuary also protects the elephants and known for Elephant Reserve too. It is also famous for its rice flora and fauna. This is the best place to explore the nature of Kerala, enjoy the peaceful atmosphere around and keep your mind relaxed. It is a moist deciduous and tropical evergreen forest.
Visitors can see teak, banyans, rosewoods, bamboos, sandalwoods, mangoes, etc. You will be able to see 35 species of mammals like tiger, Indian elephant, gaur, wild pig, etc. If you want to elephants, so you have to go deep into the forest. This sanctuary also a unique bird population like Nilgiri wood pigeon, Malabar grey hornbill, etc. It has 265 species of birds. Lucky visitors are able to watch some rare species of birds like brahminy kite, great hornbill, Nilgiri thrush, little spiderhunter, etc.
Visitors can do lots of activities here such as jungle camp, border hiking, jungle patrol, bamboo rafting, jungle inn, etc. The trekking program is arranged between 7 am to 3 pm. The best time is to see the sanctuary is from October till June. Kumily is the nearest town of the sanctuary and 4 km away from this sanctuary.
Akshardham temple or the Swaminarayan Akshardham complex is a Hindu temple, which is one of the most popular and attractive temples of India. It is located in Delhi. This temple is known for its beauty and it has several attributes that define the motive of humans and the existence of humans. This temple is more known as the place of entertainment education and enlightenment.
This temple was built by the followers of Lord Swaminarayan. The main motive of making this temple is to increase the flavor of spirituality and devotion. This temple is a combination of modern techniques and Indian architecture. In 1968, Shri Yogiji Maharaj’s got an idea to build a Hindu temple in Delhi, with the name of Swaminarayan Akshardham. Later, his successors and fifth spiritual guru of BAPS built this temple. For this temple, 60 acres of land were granted by the Delhi Development Authority and 30 acres of land granted by Uttar Pradesh Government. For its construction, pink sandstone was ordered form Rajasthan. The construction started in the year 2000 by Bochasanwasi Shri Akshar Purushottam by Swaminarayan Sanstha (BAPS)and took five years to complete. It was completed in 2005 and opened for the public same year. It was inaugurated by Pramukh Swami Maharaj in the presence of Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, Dr. Manmohan Singh, L.K. Advani, and B.L. Joshi.
This is the first biggest sacred forehead building in India. It made with an amazing solid rock as per the sacred structural science of Native Indians. These rocks are 22 ft long and standing alone without the use of iron or any solid metal. The framework of the temple consists of 234 designed supports which support nine domes, the area of Gajendra Pith, and twenty quadrangle sacred spires. The structure has around 2,000 sacred idols and sculptures of saints and other religious persons. A 141 feet tall sacred forehead makes the house of the most beautiful image of Master Swaminarayan. This magnificent temple spreads over 23 acres and includes rides, lakes, parks, shrines, and sculptures. Several people and devotees come to see this temple every day.
The opening timing of the temple is morning 09:30 am to evening 06:30 pm. The entry closes at 08:00 pm. It closed on Mondays. Aarti timings are from 10:00 am to 6:00 pm.
Valley of Flowers, Uttarakhand
Valley of flowers national park is a splendid park located in the Chamoli district in the state of Uttarakhand India. This park is reposing in West Himalayas. Its place is best known for its beautiful flowers and picturesque grasslands.
This valley is in the core zone of Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve. It's a myriad alpine flower that makes this valley a colorful paradise. Until 1931, this valley was unknown to the world. In the same year, when three British mountaineers can to this valley and fined this one of the most beautiful valleys of India. They came here and gave it the name of ' Valley of Flowers'. It is situated at an altitude of 3658 m above sea level next to Bhyundar Valley. In 1939, Joan Margaret Legge was deputed here by the Royal Botanic Gardens, but she lost her life here. She was accidentally slipping from the rocky terrain. Later, her sister came here and built a memorial near the spot. Legends believe that this valley was from the time of Hanuman and from here he took Sanjeevani buti for curing Lakshmana. Its most beautiful picturesque view gave it the name of 'Valley of Flowers'. In 1982, it declared as the National Park and a vibrant valley in World Heritage Site.
The natural beauty makes this place more mystical for lovers, botanists, and photographers. This valley remains colorful and covered with a thick blanket of snow during the winter season. It looks more attractive in July, August, and September. Visitors see the waterfalls while traversing towards the valley. This vibrant place is also home to some rare animal species like musk deer, Asiatic black deer, snow leopard, red fox, blue sheep, etc.
People can also do trekking in this valley. The trek starts from Govindghat. It requires lesser time and energy than other treks. This Valley or National Park situated at a height of 3658m and takes 4 to 5 days to come across. This valley has a base camp for their trekkers with the name of Ghangaria. It is an ideal place to relax and sleep. This valley of flowers is managed by Uttarakhand State Forestry Department and Ministry of Environment and Forests. Grazing is banned here since 1983.
This valley opens from 1st June to 4th October. The best time to visit the hotel is from June to August. Entry timing is 07:00 am to 05:00 pm.